Symptoms of End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD)

The Kidney and Its Main Blood Vessels
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As kidney failure progresses, some of the following symptoms may develop:
If kidney failure is untreated, the waste products and fluid that build up can result in:


Chronic kidney disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: . Updated April 22, 2013. Accessed July 2, 2013.

End-stage renal disease. National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases website. Available at: Updated September 15, 2010. Accessed July 2, 2013.

Yu, HT. Progression of chronic renal failure. Arch Int Med . 2003;163:1417-1429.

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